Leiden University, the Netherlands, Wednesday September 19, 2018, 11.00 am - Friday September 21, 2018, 5.00 pm
CALL FOR PANELS/PAPERS/WORKING GROUPS
The Third annual conference of the Law and Development Research Network (LDRN) will take place in Leiden. Just as at the conferences in Oostende and Antwerp, we intend to bring together researchers from the Global South and North who are interested in law and development.
Registration for practitioners
We actively welcome the participation of practitioners working in the field of legal cooperation/rule of law. The working groups and the plenary lectures and discussions will be of particular interest to them.
overview of panels/papers/working groups
The Third annual conference of the Law and Development Research Network (LDRN) will take place at the National Museum of Ethnology (Museum Volkenkunde) Leiden. Just as at the conferences in Oostende and Antwerp, we intend to bring together researchers from the Global South and North who are interested in law and development.
The conference aims in particular to look at the role of law in addressing problems of development and governance. The key problems of development with which we are concerned are insecurity, poverty, inequality, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation, social oppression, cultural alienation. In terms of governance, we look at issues such as failing states, authoritarianism, public mismanagement, corruption, and legal uncertainty. Such problems are even more complex in fragile and conflict-affected settings where state institutions are not able to provide justice and security to their citizens and where non-state actors may - take over these functions.
The conference is meant to create synergy between the different partners within the network and beyond. It is open to participants from partner institutions as well as other interested academics and practitioners. It is meant to inspire, to meet, discuss and develop research and solutions.
Law and Development is a broad field; –David Kennedy once referred to it as Laws and Developments. Here, black letter law meets social science, human rights scholarship meets political economy, legal anthropology meets international law, and so on. In science new and interesting developments often take shape at the interface of different disciplines. We are interested to learn about the problems related to this interdisciplinarity. The LDRN
2018 will pay particular attention to the following interfaces:
Where legal development meets access to justice.
Legal rules are supposedly shaped, interpreted and applied in interactions between legislatures, judiciaries, government institutions, lawyers, legal education and research, at local, regional, national and international levels. But to what extent do these legal rules provide ‘access to justice’? Research has demonstrated that this depends on power relations, economic resources, social capital.
Where domestic policy, law and practice meet international assistance.
In international development assistance, numerous programs and projects are conducted in the fields of law and justice. How well are such projects connected to the existing legal is there in Carothers’ words a serious ‘problem of knowledge’? If so, how to overcome or at least mitigate such a problem?
Where state meets market and community-based organisation.
Since the 1950s state, market and community-based organisation have, in alternating ways, been regarded as the prime movers of development. When the emphasis changed in the 1980s from the state to the market and to community-based organisation, development policies tended to promote/adopt? a paradigmatic consensus: any given development problem could be approached by an adequate mix of state, market and CBOs. As a consequence, combinations of administrative law, private law and ‘local laws’ could be employed to tackle development issues. What are the current trends in this field?
Where state-based law meets non-state-based law.
Legal and normative pluralism has a reality on the ground. Notably in remote areas and in fragile contexts, laws and legal institutions may have little impact locally. This raises
questions whether other norms, authorities and practices can provide order and settle disputes, based on custom, religion, or other sources, and how they interact with state law.
Where practice meets theory.
We invite law & development practitioners to share their actual questions and dilemmas at the conference, and discuss them freely with academics of different backgrounds. In fact, we would like to organize some panels as ‘working groups’ which seek and discuss the best possible solutions for very real and ‘wicked’ problems.
Example of a working group:
How to improve law-making processes and their outcomes through legal assistance?
It is common that development agencies provide legal assistance to government institutions for legislative drafting. While the approaches vary, often this support consists in hiring a foreign or national expert in the topic to be legislated, whom in a couple of weeks quickly drafts the needed legislation based on some inputs of a few members of that government institution.
Many people criticize this approach saying that it results in copy-pasted laws, with little or no acknowledgement of local specificities both in terms of content and implementation, and with questionable democratic legitimacy. Others say that, taking into consideration time and budget constraints of the government and donor agencies, low institutional capacity of national institutions to provide expertise on the matter, and lack of interest of
politicians to debate the details of legislation, this approach is often the only possible one under the circumstances.
Between these two opposite views there is maybe some room for improvement. For instance, would change the outcome if the legal support was conditional to at least a few sessions of public consultation? Would the legislative drafting improve if, as part of the assistance, a public report of the drafting process was compiled and published? In this working group we want share academic theory, experiences, views, and suggestions for
improving legal assistance in law-making processes. At the end of the session we hope to have compiled ideas and suggestions that can be shared with development agencies and
inform new legal assistance projects.